Q. What is sinusitis?
A. Sinusitis is an inflammation of the membranes lining the sinus cavities. Sinusitis can be divided into Acute Sinusitis and Chronic Sinusitis. Acute Sinusitis is a short-term condition that lasts 4 weeks or less. Chronic sinusitis is characterized by a sinus infection lasting 8 weeks or longer.
The sinus cavities are filled with air under normal circumstances. When these become blocked due to any swelling or inflammation, they begin to fill up with fluid, causing pain and pressure and developing a suitable environment for bacteria, viruses, and fungi to thrive in.
Q. What are the symptoms of Acute Sinusitis?
- Facial pain/pressure
- Nasal stuffiness
- Nasal discharge
- Loss of smell
- Bad breath
- Dental pain
- A Sore throat
- Post Nasal drip
Q. What are the symptoms of Chronic Sinusitis?
- Facial congestion/fullness
- A nasal obstruction/blockage
- Pus in the nasal cavity
- Nasal discharge/discolored postnasal drainage
- Bad breath
- Dental pain
Q. How to Prevent Sinusitis?
A. The best way to prevent sinusitis is to try avoiding or alternatively treating ones cold and Flu’s immediately. Other helpful hints include:
- Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables as these contain high antioxidants and vitamins that help boost your immune system and help your body resist infection.
- Try to avoid stressful situations or reduce stress.
- Wash your hands often.
- Drink plenty of fluids to keep mucus from becoming thick and stringy.
Q. What measures can be taken at home to relieve sinus pain?
A. Warm moist air may alleviate sinus congestion pain and pressure. Vaporized air or steam from a pan of boiled water (removed from the heat) or a shower should help liquefy stuck mucus, helping it to drain.
Humidifiers should only be used in combination with clean filters. Strive for an indoor environment that is not too dry or too humid as dust mites love environments in which humidity is higher than 50%.
Use a warm compresses on your face. Sitting with a warm, wet towel on your face may relieve discomfort, pain, pressure and open your nasal passages.
At night, lie on a couple of pillows to prop yourself up. Keeping your head elevated may make breathing more comfortable.
Saline nose drops are also helpful in keeping nasal passages moist.
Drink more water as this helps thin out mucus and encourages drainage. Hot tea can also help — as long as it is decaffeinated.
A. Glands lining of your nose, throat and airways produce about ½ to 1 liters of mucus per day. Mucus is a thick, wet substance that moistens these areas and helps trap foreign matter (bacteria, viruses, dust and pollen) before they infect or harm your body.
However when your body starts producing more mucus than necessary or the mucus becomes thicker it becomes more noticeable. This excess mucus can be expel through the front of the nose (Rhinitis or a runny nose) or down the back of the throat (Post Nasal Drip).