If you have allergies throughout the year, you could be allergic to what we call fungus or mold. Like other allergies, fungal allergy infections are triggered when you come into contact with what is known as mold or mildew, which is a form of fungi that is present and spreads in the air. Inhalation of the spores of the fungi can cause an allergic reaction in some people.
What is it?
Allergic fungal infections usually affect your upper respiratory tract, and some can even cause inflammation to the skin. While most of these fungal allergy infections are minor and can be treated with medication, there are a few that can cause major health issues.
Allergic reactions to mold and other fungi can developed early in childhood, but some can occur even as the person ages. Some of the fungus allergy infections include
- Fungal sinusitis and other respiratory diseases
- Fungal eye infections
- Fungal skin diseases
- Fungal meningitis – affects the spinal cord through blood
- Nail fungus infections
The symptoms of fungal allergy infection may differ from one person to another, based on the type of infection that the person has been affected with. Common symptoms that you should watch out for include
- Fever, numbness or swelling of face, nasal discharge, cough, headache and visual disturbances in case of fungal sinusitisRashes, reddish-purple patches on the skin, cracking of skin, soreness, scaling and pimples with pus at affected areas in cases of fungal skin allergy infection
- Scaling, severe discomfort in the ear and inflammation in case of fungal ear infection
- Swelling of the nails, change in color of the nails to white or yellow and inflammation of the nail bed in case of nail or toenail fungal infection
There are millions of varieties of fungi around the world. Anyone, regardless of age, gender, and location can get affected by fungi. People with weak immune systems are more likely to get a fungal allergy infection than those with stronger immunity.
Fungal allergy infection is caused due to different types of fungi that thrive in certain conditions like dry or rotten wood, wet or moist conditions, plants, and other pollen. Fungi spread and multiply through the spores that are spread through the air.
While some fungi like black mold can be toxic, others are less dangerous but cause discomfort in the patient. The most common types of fungi causing allergy and infection include Aspergillus, Blastomyces, Candida, Coccidioides (found in dry weather), Cryptococcus neoformans (found in soil), Cryptococcus gattii, Histoplasma capsulatum (bat or bird droppings), and Mucoromycotina (in decaying matter) among others.